Diabetes Mellitus as Starving in the Midst of Plenty

(How Diabetes Mellitus is metabolically similar to Starvation)
Diabetes Mellitus is a sugar or glucose related disease in the sense that blood sugar levels (glucose) are abnormally high because the body does not produce enough insulin to maintain and regulate glucose level in the blood.

During the regulation and monitoring of blood glucose level, when levels of blood sugar rise because of the body digesting a certain mealmeals i.e. fed state cells in the pancreas release an hormone called insulin which causes the liver to convert more glucose into glycogen and at the same instance forcing the muscles and fat tissue cells to absorb excess glucose from the blood stream and this in turn decreases regulates blood sugar level.

Blood Sugar level or glucose level in the blood of a human body is tightly regulated and monitored by the cells in the pancreas. If the body glucose level falls dangerously either because of exercise or lack of food for some long period i.e. during unfed state the cells in the pancreas release a hormone glucagons whose effects on liver cells act to increase blood glucose levels by converting glycogen storage into glucose. The glucose is then released into the bloodstream, increasing and regulating blood sugar levels.

The glucose concentration level in the blood stream is known to go high every after a meal is taken. The rise is however brought to control by the insulin hormone which is secreted by the pancreas to stimulate the uptake of glucose into tissues. In a case where there is failure by this insulin mechanism, a diabetic mellitus condition is witnessed. The metabolism condition in Diabetes Mellitus where there is fault of the insulin to regulate and control sugar level arising from meals taken is similar to those in unfed state or starvation in ideology. With little or no meals taken even with the failure of insulin, the glucose in blood level will be under control by the pancreas releasing glucagons a hormone which will induce the liver cells to act and increase blood glucose levels by converting glycogen storage into glucose and release it into the blood stream. That underlines the fact that Diabetic patients however able they are in affording whatever kind of meal, the failure of the insulin mechanism in their body system would dictate special diet a diet which will not increase the blood glucose level and in turn demand insulin secretion to regulate after the meal.


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